In Phase 2 you add in Pedagogy, Content and Technology Knowledge. They all go hand in hand. They can be described in a Venn diagram because they all interact together. You need all of the them working together to fully teach students today in our modern classrooms.
Phase 3 consists of foundational knowledge, meta knowledge, and humanistic knowledge. Foundational knowledge consists of core content knowledge, cross-disciplinary knowledge, and information literacy. Meta knowlege consists of creativity and innovation, problem solving and critical thinking, and communication and collaboration. Humanistic knowledge consists of life skills, cultural competence, and emotional and ethical awareness.
Phase 4 is thinking about trends and challenges. Key trends happening in schools today are rethinking the roles of teachers and there has been a shift to deeper learning experiences with technology. There has been an increase in the use of hybrid learning designs. In the next five years because of technology we will be rethinking how schools work. New technology is happening around us at a fast pace. In most schools they are already implementing BYOD (bring your own device) and cloud computing. In the next five years we will have wearable technology.
There are several challenges when it comes to technology. It is difficult to find personalized learning opportunities. Also, extremely important to keep student data confidential. It is also difficult to keep formal education relevant and ensure that students are indeed not surfing the web while they are supposed to be doing school work. Many schools already have technology in place to keep students off certain internet portals.
Technology should enforce a lesson, but not be the lesson. We as teachers must direct the lesson and the technology should be an assistant to the student and the teacher.